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Slow Chinese 每周漫闻 is an entertaining weekly dose of interesting words, phrases and idioms from the week’s news for learners of Chinese who want to take their language skills to the next level.
Political Words

How to talk about sanctions in Chinese (制裁 – Zhìcái)1 min read

29 March 2021 < 1 min read

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How to talk about sanctions in Chinese (制裁 – Zhìcái)1 min read

Reading Time: < 1 minute

If you happen to be talking about sanctions (制裁 – Zhìcái) in Chinese this week, here are the essentials you’ll need:

  • 制裁 (Zhìcái) in Chinese, as in English, can be a noun or a verb; if used as a verb it’s slightly more informal than as a noun, and more in spoken language

    中国制裁英国九名人员和四个实体 – China has sanctioned nine British individuals and four entities

  • As a noun, the main verbs to use with ‘sanction’ in Chinese are:

    实施 (Shíshī) – implement

    进行 (Jìnxíng) – to carry out

    实行 (Shíxíng) – implement (not used as much)

    加以 (Jiā yǐ) – to inflict upon – more formal, and normally when something is done in addition to previous actions

  • Whereas in English, there are less choices of which verb to use – normally it is ‘impose sanctions’
  • Other vocab you’ll beed to discuss this depressing topic:

    反制裁 (Fǎn zhìcái) – counter-sanctions

    报复性 (Bàofù xìng) – retaliatory

    中国对欧盟实施报复性制裁 – China has imposed retaliatory sanctions on the EU

    联手制裁 (Liánshǒu zhìcái) – coordinated sanctions

    针锋相对 (Zhēn fēng xiāng duì) – tit for tat

    中方对欧美英联手制裁进行针锋相对 – China imposed tit for tat sanctions in response to coordinated sanctions from the EU, US and UK

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